AP2

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[q]Which term describes the study of blood?[a]HEMATOLOGY

[q]Which term describes a liquid connective tissue composed of cells and fluid?[a]BLOOD

[q]Which substances are carried in blood?[a]Oxygen, carbon dioxide, glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, Ca++, Na+, K+, water, uric acid, ammonia & urea

[q]Which homeostatic systems are regulated by blood?[a]Body temperature & pH

[q]Which substance composes 55% of blood?[a]Plasma

[q]Which substance composes 45% of blood?[a]Blood cells

[q]What is the normal range of pH in blood?[a]7.35 – 7.45

[q]Which substance composes 91% of plasma?[a]Water

[q]Which substances make up 7% of plasma?[a]Proteins

[q]Which substances make ups 2% of plasma?[a]Solutes

[q]Which solutes are carried in blood?[a]ELECTROLYTES, NUTRIENTS, GASES, WASTES, HORMONES, ENZYMES & VITAMINS

[q]Which proteins are collectively known as plasma proteins?[a]Albumins, globulins & clotting proteins

[q]Which substances creates COLLOID OSMOTIC PRESSURE?[a]ALBUMINS

[q]Which plasma proteins fight antigens?[a]GLOBULINS

[q]What are PROTHROMBIN and FIBRINOGEN?[a]CLOTTING PROTEINS

[q]Which term describes blood clotting?[a]Hemostasis

[q]How are blood cells carried in blood?[a]Suspension

[q]What is dissolved in blood?[a]Solutes

[q]How many RBC are there in 1 mm of blood?[a]5 million/mm

[q]How many WBC are there in 1 mm of blood?[a]5000 to 9000/mm

[q]How many Platelets are there in 1 mm of blood?[a]150000 – 350000 per cubic mm

[q]What is the lifespan of RBCs?[a]120 days

[q]What is the lifespan of WBCs?[a]Variable lifespan, hours to years

[q]How quickly are RBC produced and destroyed?[a]2 million/sec- rate of cell production/destruction.

[q]Which term describes platelets?[a]THROMBOCYTES

[q]White blood cells aka[a]LEUKOCYTES

[q]red blood cells aka[a]ERYTHROCYTES

[q]Which cells are very small, non nucleated, and filled with hemoglobin?[a]ERYTHROCYTES

[q]Which structure consists of a protein molecule with 4 atoms of iron embedded in it?[a]HEMOGLOBIN

[q]Which term describes blood cell production?[a]HEMOPOIESIS

[q]Which tissue is the site of HEMOPOIESIS?[a]Red bone marrow

[q]In which type of marrow is fat stored?[a]Yellow bone marrow

[q]Which term describes bone marrow?[a]MYELOID TISSUE

[q]Which term describes how blood vessel injury causes constriction?[a]VASCULAR SPASM

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